2D IR spectroscopy using four-wave mixing, pulse shaping, and IR upconversion: a quantitative comparison.

Title2D IR spectroscopy using four-wave mixing, pulse shaping, and IR upconversion: a quantitative comparison.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsRock W, Li Y-L, Pagano P, Cheatum CM
JournalThe journal of physical chemistry. A
Volume117
Issue29
Pagination6073-83
Date Published2013 Jul 25
Abstract

Recent technological advances have led to major changes in the apparatuses used to collect 2D IR spectra. Pulse shaping offers several advantages including rapid data collection, inherent phase stability, and phase-cycling capabilities. Visible array detection via upconversion allows the use of visible detectors that are cheaper, faster, more sensitive, and less noisy than IR detectors. However, despite these advantages, many researchers are reluctant to implement these technologies. Here we present a quantitative study of the S/N of 2D IR spectra collected with a traditional four-wave mixing (FWM) apparatus, with a pulse shaping apparatus, and with visible detection via upconversion to address the question of whether weak chromophores at low concentrations are still accessible with such an apparatus. We find that the enhanced averaging capability of the pulse shaping apparatus enables the detection of small signals that would be challenging to measure even with the traditional FWM apparatus, and we demonstrate this ability on a sample of cyanylated dihydrofolate reductase.

DOI10.1063/1.4732799
Alternate JournalJ Phys Chem A