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Asymmetric somatic hybrid plants between an interspecific Lycopersicon hybrid and Solanum melongena.
|Title||Asymmetric somatic hybrid plants between an interspecific Lycopersicon hybrid and Solanum melongena.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1995|
|Authors||Liu KB, Li YM, Sink KC|
|Journal||Plant cell reports|
|Date Published||1995 Jul|
Asymmetric somatic hybrid plants were obtained by a modified PEG/DMSO fusion procedure between protoplasts derived from suspension cells of an interspecific tomato hybrid, Lycopersicon esculentum x L. pennellii, and mesophyll protoplasts of Solanum melongena, eggplant. The tomato hybrid was previously transformed with Agrobacterium tumefaciens and contained the kanamycin-resistance marker gene. Prior to fusion, the donor protoplasts of the tomato hybrid were gamma irradiated at 9.0 krad. Thus, non-division of irradiated tomato hybrid protoplasts coupled with kanamycin sensitivity of eggplant enabled selection of somatic cell hybrids. Forty-nine calli selected post-fusion regenerated leaf-like structures in the presence of 50 mg/l kanamycin. However, only four of the 49 calli regenerated intact shoots which rooted in the presence of 50 mg/l kanamycin and were later transferred to the greenhouse. Analysis of phosphoglucoisomerase and peroxidase isozymes, and Southern hybridization with a nuclear-specific pea 45 S ribosomal RNA gene confirmed somatic hybrid status. Cytology revealed that the four hybrid plants had chromosome numbers of 45, 60, 42 and 57, respectively; they were all sterile.
|Alternate Journal||Plant Cell Rep.|