[A cause of dilated cardiomyopathy in child: Primary carnitine deficiency.]

Title[A cause of dilated cardiomyopathy in child: Primary carnitine deficiency.]
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsBaragou S, Pio M, Di Bernardo S, Ksontini BT, Dommange JS, Bonafe L, Meijboom E, Sekarski N
JournalAnnales de cardiologie et d'angeiologie
Date Published2011 Dec 27

AIM: The aim of this case report was to show the importance to research metabolic etiology, especially a carnitine deficiency in dilated cardiomyopathy of children. CASE REPORT: A three years old Togolese child presented muscular hypotonia, dyspnea. Examination showed left galop murmur and systolic murmur 2/6. Chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly (CTI: 0.66), electrocardiogram, a sinusal rythm, left ventricle hypertrophy and T wave abnormalities. Echocardiogram showed a markedly dilated left ventricle with reduced systolic function (EF: 0.43; reference range 0.55-0.80) and moderate mitral regurgitation. The inflammatory signs where negatives. Magnetic resonance imaging don't show signs of ischemic or myocarditis. The levels of free and total plasmatic carnitine decreased: 3μmol/L (N: 18-48μmol/L) and 5μmol/l (N: 29-70μmol/L) respectively. Mutation analysis of the gene SLC22A5 confirms the diagnosis of primary systemic carnitine deficiency. Treatment with oral carnitine was started at 200mg/kg per day. Within three weeks of treatment, we observed the decrease of all symptoms and the left ventricular size and function normalized (EF: 0.62). He has now been on oral carnitine for live. CONCLUSION: Primary carnitine deficiency is a cause of dilated cardiomyopathy in child. It must systematically be suspected when a child presents a primitive cardiomyopathy. The treatment with oral carnitine for live is simple, with excellent prognosis.

Alternate JournalAnn Cardiol Angeiol (Paris)