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Cellular responses to TGFβ and TGFβ receptor expression in human colonic epithelial cells require CaSR expression and function.
|Title||Cellular responses to TGFβ and TGFβ receptor expression in human colonic epithelial cells require CaSR expression and function.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Singh N, Liu G, Chakrabarty S|
|Date Published||2013 May-Jun|
CaSR and TGFβ are robust promoters of differentiation in the colonic epithelium. Loss of cellular responses to TGFβ or loss of CaSR expression is tightly linked to malignant progression. Human colonic epithelial CBS cells, originally developed from a differentiated human colon tumor, retain CaSR expression and function, TGFβ responsiveness and TGFβ receptor expression. Thus, these cells offer a unique opportunity in determining the functional linkage (if any) between CaSR and TGFβ. Knocking down CaSR expression abrogated TGFβ-mediated cellular responses and attenuated the expression of TGFβ receptors. Ca²⁺ or vitamin D treatment induced CaSR expression with a concurrent up-regulation of TGFβ receptor expression. Ca²⁺ or vitamin D, however, did not induce CaSR in CaSR knocked down cells and without CaSR; there was no up-regulation of TGFβ receptor. It is concluded that TGFβ receptor expression and TGFβ mediated responses requires CaSR expression and function.
|Alternate Journal||Cell Calcium|