Cerebellar control of balance and locomotion.

TitleCerebellar control of balance and locomotion.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsMorton SM, Bastian AJ
JournalThe Neuroscientist : a review journal bringing neurobiology, neurology and psychiatry
Volume10
Issue3
Pagination247-59
Date Published2004 Jun
Abstract

The cerebellum is important for movement control and plays a particularly crucial role in balance and locomotion. As such, one of the most characteristic signs of cerebellar damage is walking ataxia. It is not known how the cerebellum normally contributes to walking, although recent work suggests that it plays a role in the generation of appropriate patterns of limb movements, dynamic regulation of balance, and adaptation of posture and locomotion through practice. The purpose of this review is to examine mechanisms of cerebellar control of balance and locomotion, emphasizing studies of humans and other animals. Implications for rehabilitation are also considered.

Alternate JournalNeuroscientist