Current perspectives on motor functioning in infants, children, and adults with autism spectrum disorders.

TitleCurrent perspectives on motor functioning in infants, children, and adults with autism spectrum disorders.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsBhat AN, Landa RJ, Galloway JC
JournalPhysical therapy
Volume91
Issue7
Pagination1116-29
Date Published2011 Jul
Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are the most common pediatric diagnoses in the United States. In this perspective article, we propose that a diverse set of motor impairments are present in children and adults with ASDs. Specifically, we will discuss evidence related to gross motor, fine motor, postural control, and imitation/praxis impairments. Moreover, we propose that early motor delays within the first 2 years of life may contribute to the social impairments of children with ASDs; therefore, it is important to address motor impairments through timely assessments and effective interventions. Lastly, we acknowledge the limitations of the evidence currently available and suggest clinical implications for motor assessment and interventions in children with ASDs. In terms of assessment, we believe that comprehensive motor evaluations are warranted for children with ASDs and infants at risk for ASDs. In terms of interventions, there is an urgent need to develop novel embodied interventions grounded in movement and motor learning principles for children with autism.

DOI10.1159/000343041
Alternate JournalPhys Ther