Determining the longitudinal relaxation time (T1) of blood at 3.0 Tesla.

TitleDetermining the longitudinal relaxation time (T1) of blood at 3.0 Tesla.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsLu H, Clingman C, Golay X, van Zijl PCM
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume52
Issue3
Pagination679-82
Date Published2004 Sep
Abstract

It is important to determine the longitudinal relaxation time of blood for black blood imaging, as well as for quantifying blood flow by arterial spin labeling (ASL). In this study a circulation system was used to measure blood T1 under physiological conditions at the new clinical field strength of 3.0T. It was found that 1/T1 in s(-1) was linearly dependent (P < 0.05) on hematocrit (Hct) within a normal range of 0.38-0.46. The relationships were 1/T1 = (0.52 +/- 0.15). Hct + (0.38 +/- 0.06) and 1/T1 = (0.83 +/- 0.07). Hct + (0.28 +/- 0.03) for arterial (oxygenation = 92% +/- 7%) and venous blood (69% +/- 8%), respectively, which led to estimated T1 values of 1664 +/- 14 ms (arterial) and 1584 +/- 5 ms (venous) at a typical human Hct of 0.42. The temperature dependencies of blood T1 were 22.3 +/- 0.6 ms/ degrees C and 19.8 +/- 0.8 ms/ degrees C for Hct values of 0.42 and 0.38, respectively. When a head coil transmit/receive setup was used, radiation damping caused a slight reduction (19 ms) of the measured T1 values.

Alternate JournalMagn Reson Med