Developmental trajectories in children with and without autism spectrum disorders: the first 3 years.

TitleDevelopmental trajectories in children with and without autism spectrum disorders: the first 3 years.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsLanda RJ, Gross AL, Stuart EA, Faherty A
JournalChild development
Volume84
Issue2
Pagination429-42
Date Published2013 Mar-Apr
Abstract

Retrospective studies indicate 2 major classes of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) onset: early and later, after a period of relatively healthy development. This prospective, longitudinal study examined social, language, and motor trajectories in 235 children with and without a sibling with autism, ages 6-36 months. Children were grouped as: ASD identified by 14 months, ASD identified after 14 months, and no ASD. Despite groups' initial similar developmental level at 6 months, ASD groups exhibited atypical trajectories thereafter. Impairment from 14 to 24 months was greater in the Early-ASD than the Later-ASD group, but comparable at 36 months. Developmental plateau and regression occurred in some children with ASD, regardless of timing of ASD diagnosis. Findings indicate a preclinical phase of varying duration for ASD.

DOI10.1155/2013/326986
Alternate JournalChild Dev