Evaluation of human brain tumor heterogeneity using multiple T1-based MRI signal weighting approaches.

TitleEvaluation of human brain tumor heterogeneity using multiple T1-based MRI signal weighting approaches.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsDonahue MJ, Blakeley JO, Zhou J, Pomper MG, Laterra J, van Zijl PCM
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Date Published2008 Feb

Vascular-space-occupancy (VASO) MRI without contrast injection was explored for imaging cerebral blood volume (CBV) and tissue heterogeneity in gliomas (n = 10). VASO contrast complemented contrast-enhanced T(1)-weighted (GAD-T(1)w), FLAIR and T(1)w magnetization-prepared-rapid-gradient-echo (MPRAGE) images. High-grade gliomas showed a VASO-outlined hyperintense zone corresponding to long-T(1) regions in MPRAGE and to nonenhancing regions in GAD-T(1)w images. FLAIR, MPRAGE, and VASO data were used to segment tumors into multiple zones of different T(1). After removal of known resection areas using pre- and postsurgical MRI, the volume of overlap between the hyperintense VASO-zone and the long-T(1) MPRAGE zone correlated with that of GAD-T(1)w enhancement (R(2) = 0.99) and tumor grade. Based on these correlations, this remaining long T(1) overlap area was tentatively assigned to necrosis. In one promising case the collective T(1)-weighted approach accurately identified a low-grade glioma despite the presence of contrast enhancement in GAD-T(1)w images consequential to chemoradiation-associated treatment effect. The results suggest that this collective T(1)-weighted approach may provide useful information for regional assessment of heterogeneous tumors and for guiding treatment-related decisions in patients with gliomas.

Alternate JournalMagn Reson Med