Extended follow-up of autologous bone marrow transplantation with 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC) purging for indolent or transformed non-Hodgkin lymphomas.

TitleExtended follow-up of autologous bone marrow transplantation with 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC) purging for indolent or transformed non-Hodgkin lymphomas.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsKasamon YL, Jones RJ, Gocke CD, Blackford AL, Seifter EJ, Davis-Sproul JM, Gore SD, Ambinder RF
JournalBiology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume17
Issue3
Pagination365-73
Date Published2011 Mar
Abstract

Autologous blood or marrow transplantation (ABMT) for low-grade lymphomas can prolong event-free survival (EFS) but requires long-term follow-up. We report one of the longest follow-ups to a prospective transplantation study in such diseases. On a phase II study, 80 patients with low-grade, transformed, or mantle cell lymphoma received ABMT with 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC) purging as part of initial or salvage therapy. Diagnoses included nontransformed follicular lymphoma in 63% and transformed lymphoma in 15%. With 16.6-year median follow-up for survival, actuarial 10-year EFS and overall survival (OS) were 34% (95% confidence interval [CI], 25%-46%) and 45% (35%-57%). Median EFS and OS were 3.0 and 8.0 years. Early nonrelapse mortality incidence was 8%; myelodysplastic syndrome or leukemia incidence was 4%. Most relapses occurred within 3 years, with a median time to diagnosis of relapse of 1.8 years (range: 0.1-15.6 years). On multivariate analysis, age >50 years, ≥3 prior chemotherapy regimens, and ABMT after relapse were associated with significantly inferior survival. Fifteen patients (19%) were event-free >15 years after transplantation, raising the possibility of a plateau in the progression-free survival curve. Thus, 4-HC-purged ABMT can produce extended remissions in a subgroup of patients with indolent lymphomas.

DOI10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181e03881
Alternate JournalBiol. Blood Marrow Transplant.