Influence of earthworm Eisenia fetida on removal efficiency of N and P in vertical flow constructed wetland.

TitleInfluence of earthworm Eisenia fetida on removal efficiency of N and P in vertical flow constructed wetland.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsXu D, Li Y, Howard A
JournalEnvironmental science and pollution research international
Volume20
Issue9
Pagination5922-9
Date Published2013 Sep
Abstract

This study investigates biomass, density, photosynthetic activity, and accumulation of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in three wetland plants (Canna indica, Typha augustifolia, and Phragmites austrail) in response to the introduction of the earthworm Eisenia fetida into a constructed wetland. The removal efficiency of N and P in constructed wetlands were also investigated. Results showed that the photosynthetic rate (P n), transpiration rate (T r), and stomatal conductance (S cond) of C. indica and P. austrail were (p < 0.05) significantly higher when earthworms were present. The addition of E. fetida increased the N uptake value by above-ground of C. indica, T. augustifolia, and P. australis by 185, 216, and 108 %, respectively; and its P uptake value increased by 300, 355, and 211 %, respectively. Earthworms could enhance photosynthetic activity, density, and biomass of wetland plants in constructed wetland, resulting in the higher N and P uptake. The addition of E. fetida into constructed wetland increased the removal efficiency of TN and TP by 10 and 7 %, respectively. The addition of earthworms into vertical flow constructed wetland increased the removal efficiency of TN and TP, which was related to higher photosynthetic activity and N and P uptake. The addition of earthworms into vertical flow constructed wetland and plant harvests could be the significantly sustainable N and P removal strategy.

DOI10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5831-12.2013
Alternate JournalEnviron Sci Pollut Res Int