The interaction between magnetization transfer and blood-oxygen-level-dependent effects.

TitleThe interaction between magnetization transfer and blood-oxygen-level-dependent effects.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsZhou J, Payen J-F, van Zijl PCM
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume53
Issue2
Pagination356-66
Date Published2005 Feb
Abstract

Low-power off-resonance spin-echo magnetization transfer (MT) imaging experiments with a long repetition time (TR) were performed on rat brain for a range of arterial PCO2 levels. The measured magnetization transfer ratio decreased with increased arterial PCO2 levels. When performing blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)-type data analysis in which signal intensities were normalized to the normocapnic state, the CO2-based BOLD effect was much stronger with than without saturation. This increased effect is a consequence of the fact that the MT effect reduces the signal intensity in tissue more than in blood, thereby amplifying the contribution of the intravascular BOLD signal change to the overall BOLD effect. The results offer a potential approach to measure absolute cerebral blood volume in vivo and to amplify the BOLD effects for fMRI studies.

Alternate JournalMagn Reson Med