Process examination of executive function in ADHD: sex and subtype effects.

TitleProcess examination of executive function in ADHD: sex and subtype effects.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsWodka EL, Mostofsky SH, Prahme C, Gidley Larson JC, Loftis C, Denckla MB, Mahone ME
JournalThe Clinical neuropsychologist
Volume22
Issue5
Pagination826-41
Date Published2008 Sep
Abstract

To examine effects of group (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder [ADHD] versus Typically Developing [TD]), sex, and ADHD subtype on "process/optional" measures of executive functioning, children (n = 123; 54 ADHD, 69 TD) aged 8-16 completed subtests from the D-KEFS. No group, sex, or ADHD subtype effects were found on optional measures from the Trail Making, Color-Word Interference, and Tower tests. A significant interaction was found for Verbal Fluency Total Repetition Errors; boys with Combined/Hyperactive-Impulsive (ADHD-C/HI) type ADHD performed better than ADHD-C/HI girls, whereas girls with Inattentive type ADHD (ADHD-I) performed better than ADHD-I boys. Overall, children with ADHD did not differ from TD on most optional measures from the D-KEFS. When sex and ADHD subtype were considered, children with the subtype of ADHD less common for sex were at greater risk for poorer performance.

DOI10.1055/s-0028-1082897
Alternate JournalClin Neuropsychol