The roles of HLH transcription factors in epithelial mesenchymal transition and multiple molecular mechanisms.

TitleThe roles of HLH transcription factors in epithelial mesenchymal transition and multiple molecular mechanisms.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsTeng Y, Li X
JournalClinical & experimental metastasis
Date Published2013 Oct 26
Abstract

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is presently recognized as an important event and the initiating stage for tumor invasion and metastasis. Several EMT inducers have been identified, among which the big family of helix-loop-helix (HLH) transcription factors are rising as a novel and promising family of proteins in EMT mediation, such as Twist1, Twist2, E47, and HIFs, etc. Due to the variety and complexities of HLH members, the pathways and mechanisms they employ to promote EMT are also complex and characteristic. In this review, we will discuss the roles of various HLH proteins in the regulation and sustenance of the EMT and multiple cellular mechanisms, attempting to provide a novel and broadened view towards the link between HLH proteins and EMT.

DOI10.1152/ajplung.00423.2012
Alternate JournalClin. Exp. Metastasis