The screen for social interaction (SSI): a screening measure for autism spectrum disorders in preschoolers.

TitleThe screen for social interaction (SSI): a screening measure for autism spectrum disorders in preschoolers.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsGhuman JK, Leone SL, Lecavalier L, Landa RJ
JournalResearch in developmental disabilities
Volume32
Issue6
Pagination2519-29
Date Published2011 Nov-Dec
Abstract

We report on the preliminary validity and utility of the Ghuman-Folstein Screen for Social Interaction (SSI), a measure of social interaction that can serve to screen for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in clinical samples of young high-risk children. Caregivers of 350 children (176 younger participants, ages 24-42 months, mean age = 34.1 months; and 174 older participants, ages 43 to 61 months, mean age = 52.4 months) with ASDs, non-ASD developmental and/or psychiatric disorders, or without developmental concerns completed the SSI. A series of analyses resulted in shortened versions of the SSI: a 26-item SSI-Younger (SSI-Y) and a 21-item SSI-Older (SSI-O) version. The SSI-Y and SSI-O showed moderate convergence with ASD diagnostic measures and significantly differentiated ASD and non-ASD clinical groups. Sensitivity and specificity values for discriminating ASD and non-ASD clinical participants were 0.87 and 0.71, respectively for the SSI-Y and 0.81 and 0.70, respectively for the SSI-O. Scoring recommendations were made based on the ROC results.

DOI10.1159/000343041
Alternate JournalRes Dev Disabil