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Suramin and radiotherapy in newly diagnosed glioblastoma: phase 2 NABTT CNS Consortium study.
|Title||Suramin and radiotherapy in newly diagnosed glioblastoma: phase 2 NABTT CNS Consortium study.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Laterra JJ, Grossman SA, Carson KA, Lesser GJ, Hochberg FH, Gilbert MR|
|Corporate Authors||NABTT CNS Consortium study|
|Date Published||2004 Jan|
Suramin is a polysulfonated naphthylurea that inhibits the function of growth factors and growth factor receptors implicated in glioma progression, angiogenesis, and radioresistance. The safety and benefits of combining inhibitors of angiogenesis and growth factors with cytotoxic therapies in patients with neoplasms of the central nervous system remain unclear. The objectives of this phase 2 study were to determine the safety of administering suramin with standard cranial radiotherapy (RT) and to estimate survival using this approach in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Fifty-five patients with newly diagnosed GBM (Karnofsky performance status >or= 60) were enrolled in this multicenter phase 2 study. Patients received suramin by a conventional intermittent fixed-dosing regimen for 1 week prior to and during cranial RT (60 Gy in 30 fractions, weeks 2-7). Patients with stable or responsive disease at week 18 received an additional 4 weeks of suramin (weeks 19-22). The median survival for suramin-treated patients was 11.6 months, with 1-year and 18-month survival rates of 49% (95% confidence interval [CI], 36%-62%) and 18% (95% CI, 8%-28%), respectively. Overall, 55% of the patients (30/55) had greater than grade 2 toxicity at least possibly related to suramin therapy. Two patients died of possibly related neurologic events (i.e., stroke, elevated intracranial pressure). Otherwise, toxicities were generally transient and self-limited. Administration of suramin using an intermittent fixed-dosing regimen during cranial RT was generally well tolerated. However, overall survival is not significantly improved when compared with the New Approaches to Brain Tumor Therapy GBM database or other comparable patient populations.