In vitro effects of 2-methoxyestradiol on MCF-12A and MCF-7 cell growth, morphology and mitotic spindle formation.

TitleIn vitro effects of 2-methoxyestradiol on MCF-12A and MCF-7 cell growth, morphology and mitotic spindle formation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsVan Zijl C, Lottering M-L, Steffens F, Joubert A
JournalCell biochemistry and function
Volume26
Issue5
Pagination632-42
Date Published2008 Sep-Oct
Abstract

The influence of 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME) was investigated on cell growth, morphology and spindle formation in a tumorigenic (MCF-7) and non-tumorigenic (MCF-12A) epithelial breast cell line. Inhibition of cell growth was more pronounced in the MCF-7 cells compared to the MCF-12A cells following 2ME treatment. Dose-dependent studies (10(-5)-10(-9) M) revealed that 10(-6) M 2ME inhibited cell growth by 44% in MCF-12A cells and by 84% in MCF-7 cells (p-value < 0.05). 2ME-treated MCF-7 cells showed abnormal metaphase cells, membrane blebbing, apoptotic cells and disrupted spindle formation. These observations were either absent or less prominent in MCF-12A cells. 2ME had no effect on the length of the cell cycle between S-phase and the time a mitotic peak was reached in either cell line but MCF-7 cells were blocked in mitosis with no statistically significant alterations in the phosphorylation status of Cdc25C. Nevertheless, Cdc2 activity was significantly increased in MCF-7 cells compared to MCF-12A cells (p-value < 0.05). The results indicate that 2ME disrupts mitotic spindle formation and enhances Cdc2 kinase activity, leading to persistence of the spindle checkpoint and thus prolonged metaphase arrest that may result in the induction of apoptosis. The tumorigenic MCF-7 cells were especially sensitive to 2ME treatment compared to the normal MCF-12A cells. Therefore, differential mechanism(s) of growth inhibition are evident between the normal and tumorigenic cells.

DOI10.1021/jo800879e
Alternate JournalCell Biochem. Funct.