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In vivo determination of absolute cerebral blood volume using hemoglobin as a natural contrast agent: an MRI study using altered arterial carbon dioxide tension.
|Title||In vivo determination of absolute cerebral blood volume using hemoglobin as a natural contrast agent: an MRI study using altered arterial carbon dioxide tension.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1999|
|Authors||Ulatowski JA, Oja JM, Suarez JI, Kauppinen RA, Traystman RJ, van Zijl PC|
|Journal||Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism|
|Date Published||1999 Jul|
The ability of the magnetic resonance imaging transverse relaxation time, R2 = 1/T2, to quantify cerebral blood volume (CBV) without the need for an exogenous contrast agent was studied in cats (n = 7) under pentobarbital anesthesia. This approach is possible because R2 is directly affected by changes in CBF, CBV, CMRO2, and hematocrit (Hct), a phenomena better known as the blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) effect. Changes in CBF and CBV were accomplished by altering the carbon dioxide pressure, PaCO2, over a range from 20 to 140 mm Hg. For each PaCO2 value, R2 in gray and white matter were determined using MRI, and the whole-brain oxygen extraction ratio was obtained from arteriovenous differences (sagittal sinus catheter). Assuming a constant CMRO2, the microvascular CBV was obtained from an exact fit to the BOLD theory for the spin-echo effect. The resulting CBV values at normal PaCO2 and normalized to a common total hemoglobin concentration of 6.88 mmol/L were 42+/-18 microL/g (n = 7) and 29+/-19 microL/g (n = 5) for gray and white matter, respectively, in good agreement with the range of literature values published using independent methodologies. The present study confirms the validity of the spin-echo BOLD theory and, in addition, shows that blood volume can be quantified from the magnetic resonance imaging spin relaxation rate R2 using a regulated carbon dioxide experiment.
|Alternate Journal||J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab.|