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Ecological validity of neuropsychological testing and screening
Neuropsychological assessment and screening is a useful means of identifying cognitive deficits in children and adolescents. Expansion of availability of instruments has now permitted an examination of how these deficits impact "real world" functioning of the individual. Measures of "real world" functioning can be measured by way of parent report of practical, social, self-care, and domestic abilities (i.e., "adaptive functioning"). The proposed study will examine adaptive functioning in youth referred for neuropsychological assessment, and the contribution of cognitive functioning, behavior, and academic abilities to the child's adaptive outcome. This study would utilize data from the Department of Neuropsychology's clinical database to examine adaptive outcome using multi-trait, multi-method data collected in the course of routine clinical assessments. This study will be conducted using restrospective and prospective review of data already collected as part of routine clinical care.