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Investigating Patterns of Emergency Department Use in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
This protocol requires permission to utilize a de-identified research dataset: the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS). Access to these data will advance the understanding of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a chronic neurodevelopmental condition that is associated with significant impairment in functioning. As a result of having access to this publicly available dataset, the principal investigator -- along with her co-investigators -- will be able to examine the prevalence and predictors of emergency department use among this population.
The prospective lines of research include:
- The prevalence of ASD and co-morbid psychopathology detected in emergency departments (ED) in the US
- The risk of self-injury presented at EDs and inpatient-admission from the ED among children with and without co-morbid psychiatric problems and ASD
- The child, visit, and hospital-related predictors associated with these outcomes
The principal investigator and her colleagues will conduct these investigations over the course of the next 10 years. This work will lead to a better understanding of the psychiatric and behavioral correlates associated with ED use among children with ASD in the US.